Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?
Negative effects of infants viewing educational DVDs revealed a link to a slower pace of language development. It was also found that more viewing of these DVDs were related to a worse language delay. Studies are still uncertain on whether the use of electronic media causes harm, but it is evident that media takes time away from other activities that are are more critical for positive cognitive development. Some educational programming on TV, however, produces positive effects such as improved school readiness and better number skills for preschoolers. Some children have shown reduced attention during play because of televisions in the background which could be a marker for poor development in the future. Also, the more “entertaining” a TV program is, the less likely some children are to perform well in school. Becoming computer literate is certainly a skill that is important for education and learning basic computer skills are useful for children. However, it’s important to be able to limit some of the exposure of these electronic devices to children at vulnerable ages.
Parents who are struggling with on screen time for children could be offered information on resources and organizations that have guidelines for the use of electronic media. Such possible resources include the U.S. Department of Education (ed.gov) and the Children’s Partnership (childrenspartnership.org). These two websites offer information to support parents and teachers. It is important that everyone recognize that the best outcome for children using technology comes from supportive adults who continue to provide information to them such as language skills, empathy and flexibility.
Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The Emerging Self and Socialization in the Early Years. The Life Span: Human Development for Helping Professionals (4th ed., pp 168-201). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.